New paper in European Economic Review
Laura Khoury, Paul Brandily, Clément Brébion, and Simon Brioled have published a new paper in European Economic Review: A poorly understood disease? The impact of COVID-19 on the income gradient in mortality over the course of the pandemic.
Mortality inequalities remain substantial in many countries, and large shocks such as pandemics could amplify them further. The unequal distribution of COVID-19 confirmed cases suggests that this is the case. Yet, evidence on the causal effect of the epidemic on mortality inequalities remains scarce. In this paper, we exploit exhaustive municipality-level data in France, one of the most severely hit country in the world, to identify a negative relationship between income and excess mortality within urban areas, that persists over COVID-19 waves.
Over the year 2020, the poorest municipalities experienced a 30% higher increase in excess mortality. Our analyses can rule out an independent contribution of lockdown policies to this heterogeneous impact. Finally, we find evidence that both labor-market exposure and housing conditions are major determinants of the epidemic-induced effects of COVID-19 on mortality inequalities, but that their respective role depends on the state of the epidemic.
About the author:
Laura Khoury joined the Norwegian School of Economics in 2019 as a Postdoctoral researcher. She received her PhD in economics in September 2019 from the Paris School of Economics. Her primary research areas are labour economics, public economics and the economics of crime. She is particularly interested in understanding the interactions between social insurance and the labour market.